The results of a newly released national survey showed that registered nurses have a lot to say about health care leadership issues, most notably that more nurses are needed in high-level executive positions. Nurses also expressed mixed emotions about their current leaders, with nearly half saying they don’t feel supported by their leadership.
These were just two of the many leadership insights from the 2017 Survey of Registered Nurses conducted by AMN Healthcare, health care’s innovator in workforce solutions and staffing services.
AMN Healthcare conducts the biennial RN survey to provide the health care industry with immediate and up-to-date information directly from one of its largest and most influential workforce sectors.
In the wide-ranging survey, the 3,347 respondents provided their views on staff shortages, retirement, the delivery of care, work environment, leadership and other issues. Here are some of the leadership highlights:
1 — More nurse executives are needed
One area that has become increasingly important to success in health care is leadership, and nurses have their own very clear preferences on how organizations should transform leadership. An overwhelming number – 82 percent – say that more nurse leaders are needed in health care, and only 5 percent disagree.
This is not surprising considering this sentiment has been widely championed by nursing associations and other industry leaders over the last decade.
It was strongly supported in the Institute of Medicine’s 2010 landmark study, The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, which called for more nurses in leadership roles to meet the changing demands of the health care system.
2 — Many nurses don’t feel supported by their leaders
An important reason for RNs’ desire to see more nurses in positions of leadership is their ambivalence about how much support they get from leadership. A bare majority of nurses reacted positively when asked about their feelings about the trust and support they receive from their leaders.
When asked whether their leaders were people they trust, good at what they do, care about them, and support their career development, half of the respondents agreed or strongly agreed, while one quarter neither agreed or disagreed, and one quarter disagreed or strongly disagreed.
Breaking down the information further:
- About half the RNs (53 percent) agreed or strongly agreed when asked to respond to the statement, “My leader is someone I trust.”
- Another 22 percent were ambivalent, stating that they neither agreed nor disagreed.
- And, 25 percent responded negatively, saying that they disagreed or strongly disagreed that they could trust their leader.
The results suggest a disconnect between leadership and a large segment of the nursing workforce, a critical challenge considering that nurses are one of the most important factors influencing patient experience. Studies have shown that nurses’ feelings of lack of support can impact job satisfaction, which in turn can affect patient satisfaction.
3 — Nurses are reluctant to pursue leadership roles
While a vast majority of RNs would like to see more nurses in leadership positions, only a small percentage indicated their interest in entering such positions themselves.
When asked about leadership pursuits, 61 percent said “no” they are not planning to pursue a leadership position and only 22 percent responded “Yes.” Another 17 percent said they were already in a leadership position.
Reasons given for their lack of interest in leadership positions included not wanting to deal with the politics of leadership structure and a desire to remain at the bedside.
When broken down by age group, the results provide a more revealing picture.
Millennial nurses (ages 19-36) were significantly more interested in moving into leadership positions, with more than one third expressing interest. This compared to one-fourth of Gen Xers (ages 37-53) and only 10 percent of Baby Boomers (ages 54+). However, Baby Boomer nurses had a much higher percentage of RNs already in leadership positions compared to their younger counterparts.
In looking at the survey regarding nurses’ views on leadership, three (3) key points were clear:
- RNs want to see greater nurse representation among executives.
- Only a small percentage of RNs actually want to pursue leadership roles (although interest is higher among younger nurses).
- Nurses are somewhat disenchanted with their leaders.
The mixed results suggest that health care providers face challenges in ensuring that nurses feel cared about and supported by their leadership.